ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young widow holds her child in a house destroyed by Zanu PF in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. She lost her husband at the conclusion of 2008's March elections in Zimbabwe where the MDC emerged the winner. Two Zanu PF sponsored Zimbabwean Army soldiers appeared at the MDC offices in Zaka. The soldiers shot one MDC worker in cold blood outside the office, shot another inside the office and then locked 3 more MDC officials inside and proceeded to pour 20 litres of petrol over the building, set it alight and fled. In the resultant blaze all three men suffered third degree burns before they were able to break down the door and escape. They suffered for three days without any treatment before they could reach a facility which could treat them. Once there, doctors were forced to hide the three men as Zanu PF supporters came looking for them with the intention of finishing the job the soldiers had started. This young widow is now dependant on the kindness of those around her for the liveliehoods of herself and her two orphaned children. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young MDC activist, 25, name withheld, sits quietly in a bedroom he rents in a shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 22 June 2009. The young man is the district security officer for the MDC in Harare East and for his political affiliation he has been arrested more than 15 times, he has been severely tortured on 4 occasions and has the scars on his body to prove it. He claims that electroshock was used on him in police cells and that he was repeatedly beaten with bike chains and iron bars. This has resulted in his diminished physical capacity which has made it very difficult for him to work. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young MDC Zimbabwe oppostion party burn victim, name withheld, sits alone in his room in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. At the conclusion of 2008's March elections in Zimbabwe where the MDC emerged the winner, two Zanu PF sponsored Zimbabwean Army soldiers appeared at the MDC offices in Zaka. The soldiers shot one MDC worker in cold blood outside the office, shot another inside the office and then locked 3 more MDC officials inside and proceeded to pour 20 litres of petrol over the building, set it alight and fled. In the resultant blaze all three men suffered third degree burns before they were able to break down the door and escape. They suffered for three days without any treatment before they could reach a facility which could treat them. Once there, doctors were forced to hide the three men as Zanu PF supporters came looking for them with the intention of finishing the job the soldiers had started. The young man in the picture, a former MDC defence and security activist, now has limited use of his hands and is blind in one eye. In a country currently at 85% unemployment he can no longer even provide manual labour in his village's rural fields. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Susan Matsunga, 30, is a former MDC Zimbabwean opposition party Secretary for Gender on a National level, she is photographed in her half of a one bedroom shack in Lenasia, Johannesburg, South Africa, 3 June 2009. Susan was a very active organiser for the MDC, her primary role was to identify and build the future female MP's of Zimbabwe. In the run-up to the 2008 election in Zimbabwe Susan and her MDC youth compatriots attempted to hold prayer meetings and galvanise the youth. Police attacked their gathering and beat people until they dragged off to the police station where despite their wounds they were made to keep silent and denied food and water. All MDC supporters were made to lie flat and the police walked amongst them, beating them for over an hour. When Morgan Tsangarai, the leader of the MDC arrived and asked what the police were doing, they said they were waiting for him. The police then beat him to a pulp along with the others. In this beating Susan's right arm and leg were fractured but still she was forced to climb into a cattle truck along with the others where they were driven to Central Police Station in Harare. Here Susan was tortured for a further 4 days, her torture included the use of electric shock devices on her genitals. She was taken to a room with blood sprayed across the walls. The CIO officers holding her said that she must also leave her blood in this room. At this time Susan's mother, 67, was also arrested and badly beaten. After a number of days Susan was told she must drink 5 litres of contaminated water and then she could go. The CIO visited her in hospital where they told her that if she did not campaign for Mugabe they would kill her. They held syringes in their hands while they were saying this. After her ordeal Susan's husband left her as a result of her affiliation with the MDC. Susan fled to South Africa where she had no papers, passport or ID documents. Sympathetic border guards let he

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A 26 year old Zimbabwean woman, name withheld, photographed in a township near Harare, Zimbabwe, 28 June 2009. This woman was living in a rural community near Mrewa as a normal non-political person eking out a living with a small crop field. On the 27 June 2008, at the height of the controversial election to decide the March election fiasco, Zanu PF youth came to her hut at midnight, barred the door, poured petrol on the roof and ran away. This was part of Zanu PF intimidation tactics. The woman's husband managed to break open the door but left her inside. He later abandoned her when he saw the extent of her burns. "I feel this situation in Zimbabwe is very hard," she says, "We were not activists, we just did not actively support Zanu PF, we are ordinary people. Now my body is like this, I cannot do practical work. I had to leave the farm and come to my sister, she is poor, there is no jobs and we both have children. I think the people who do these things must be found and brought to justice. I am looking forward to a new government in Zimbabwe, the current regime is the instigator of my condition, they are the reason for my suffering. My first wish now is that I can get my body fixed, especially my arms. I need them to function so that I can work." (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An MDC activist, 35, name withheld, sit in a bedroom he rents for himself, his wife and 2 children in a shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 22 June 2009. On the wall behind him is a newspaper report on the murder of his younger brother. The young man is the Secretary General for the MDC in the Mabvuku Tafara district and for his political affiliation he has been arrested more than 19 times since 1999, he has been severely tortured on 5 occasions, had his house destroyed on three occasions and lost his younger brother, the MDC Secretary for Youth Security on the National Level, to a military, Zanu Pf supported , Death Squad last year after the March 2008 election which MDC won but Zanu PF refused to acknowledge. His younger brother had been on the run from Zanu PF forces for 3 months but came home for one night to see his wife and children. At 7am the next morning he was dragged out by 7 armed men, thrown into a vehicle where he was restrained and taken away in front of witnesses. A week later his body was discovered in the bush. The government post mortem recorded "decomposition" as the cause of death but an independent coroner brought in from South Africa determined that cause of death was suffocation. " I feel terrible about the death of my younger brother. I brought him into politics, my only comfort is that I know that we were both totally comitted to our agenda, to remove Zanu PF and have a real democracy in Zimbabwe. When I was a child things were better, my parents were not rich but they could afford to house us, to feed us and to send us to school. Nowdays there is nothing, no jobs, no opportunities, only the brutality and repression of Zanu PF. Our population is deeply traumatised, this is a war between those who are armed and funded against a defenceless civilian population. Zanu PF controls jobs, food and access to the police, the legal system and weapons. If you do not support them you are the enemy. They come

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A daughter looks on at her HIV+ mother lying desperately ill in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. Neither are employed or have any money and they were turned away from the hospital for lack of fees for admission. Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state. As a result of scarcity food malnutrition plays a large role in the decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A severely ill HIV+ young woman alone in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. She says "My parents are dead, my brother and everyone I know is unemployed, I have nothing, that is why I am dying now." Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid organisations coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is a distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state and food prices remain beyond the reach of most. Malnutrition thus contributes to the rapid decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Sibongile Chipunzah, 29, is a Zimbabwean refugee living alone with her baby in dire poverty in Johannesburg, South Africa, 15 June 2009. Sibongile is a fomer Secretary of youth for the opposition MDC party in Harare, Zimbabwe. In the March 2008 elections the MDC defeated Zanu PF but President Robert Mugabe refused to step down, Zanu PF thugs burnt down her house and killed Sibongile's brother. One of her friends was raped in front of her by Zanu PF militia men. Sibongile was hit with an axe on her shoulder and also badly beaten and placed in a grave and left for dead. She was heavily pregant at the time. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A former farm security guard, name withheld, lies disabled in his bed in a township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. He was working as a guard on a white owned farm when 7 Zanu PF men arrived to take over the farm. They accused him of being a white sympathiser and one of the men shot him in the arm with a handgun. They then went on to take over the farm. As a result of farm invasions in Zimbabwe more then one and a half million people have lost their jobs and Zimbabwe has slipped into a dire food crisis with no commercial farming operations providing food security for the population. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A severely ill HIV+ 16 year old girl is tended by her sister in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. They live with their grandmother as their parents died of Aids 5 years previously. They have no income and the grandmother relies on vending to try and bring in money. The recent collapse of the finacial system and the introduction of the US dollar and South African rand as the unit of currency has made it very difficult for casual vendors to obtain currency with which to trade. Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid organisations coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state and food prices remain beyond the reach of most. Malnutrition thus contributes to the rapid decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

MAZVINGA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An elderly man, name withheld, stands in the ruins of his home after it was torched by Zanu PF militias, Mazvinga, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. The man is a former civil servant who heard Zanu PF members discussing the farm invasion of a white farmer in the region. He objected, stating it was illegal and the next day a Zanu PF militia group arrived at his property. He was severly beaten and his home torched and broken down. He is a life long civil servant in Zimbabwe and has invested everything into his small homestead, this was destroyed in the attack. The white farmers land was appropriated soon afterwards. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A long time MDC supporter, Chief Bota, is photographed next to his meagre hut in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. Chief Bota is a Chief of Chiefs, meaning he comes from a long pedigree of Chiefs and leaders in rural Zaka who are responsible for appointing the local chiefs. He has remained a vocal supporter of oppostion party the MDC in his region, saying publicly that, "anyone who does not vote MDC is stupid." As a result of his support for the MDC he has been marginalised by the ruling Zanu PF party and not received the support or perks that Zanu PF has lavished on other leaders who are loyal to them. Chief Bota is a long time military man who wears his Second World War medals on his jacket pocket. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Images of Alice Machando, 31, a school teacher for Gweru, Zimbabwe, who now lives as an unemployed asylum seeker in Johannesburg, South Africa, 3 June 2009. Alice is an MDC youth activist who was abducted during the last Zimbabwe elections by Zanu PF party thugs, they tortured and abused her and ever since that incident she has suffered from a mysterious skin ailment which South African doctors cannot identify. Alice says that two other teachers who were also abducted and tortured have similar complications. Alice wishes above all else to be cured of her ailment so that she can return to Gweru so that she can continue with her job of teaching students in her part of Zimbabwe. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young MDC Zimbabwe oppostion party burn victim, name withheld, sits alone in a maize storage hut in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. At the conclusion of 2008's March elections in Zimbabwe where the MDC emerged the winner, two Zanu PF sponsored Zimbabwean Army soldiers appeared at the MDC offices in Zaka. The soldiers shot one MDC worker in cold blood outside the office, shot another inside the office and then locked 3 more MDC officials inside and proceeded to pour 20 litres of petrol over the building, set it alight and fled. In the resultant blaze all three men suffered third degree burns before they were able to break down the door and escape. They suffered for three days without any treatment before they could reach a facility which could treat them. Once there, doctors were forced to hide the three men as Zanu PF supporters came looking for them with the intention of finishing the job the soldiers had started. The young man in the picture, a former MDC youth treasurer, is traumatised and now lives in fear of further attacks from Zanu PF. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Blind Zimbabwean refugees photographed in slum dwellings in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. Most of the blind are in South Africa illegally and lack official papers and ID documents which might help them to apply for limited charity. They say they fled a complete lack of economic opportunity in Zimbabwe's failed state and had no choice but to come to South Africa to survive. They could no longer beg for their survival in Zimbabwe as people simply no longer have anything to give. As a result many of these blind people have made long journeys with their guides, families or by relying on the kindness of strangers. They crossed the Limpopo River to avoid the border authorities and lived in the bush for many weeks before being able to organise a ride by train or bus down to Johannesburg. All of this they did for the opportunity to beg in a more affluent economy. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

MUDZI, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A man and woman, names withheld, embrace in a small shack in rural Mudzi, Zimbabwe, 26 June 2009. The man is an MDC activist, the women is his wife. He was forced to go through Zanu PF militia training in rural Mudzi two years earlier where he was taught intimidation tactics and military techniques for controlling a population in Zanu PF's favor. Secretly he was an MDC oppostion party supporter. He used his job as a martial arts instructor for the youth to secretly build an MDC powerbase. In the March 2008 elections he came out with his supporters and won 4 council seats for MDC as opposed to Zanu PF's three. Zanu PF was furious and 300 men arrived at his house but he had already fled, forewarned of the vendetta. Zanu PF destroyed the house and took his wife and two daughters to a militia camp. There they were repeatedly raped for a week before being released but observed and intimidated everyday while Zanu PF militants looked for their husband and father. He fled to the capital Harare to Harvest House, the MDC stronghold in Harare. One day he went out to get food close by, he was snatched at gunpoint by Zanu PF Central Intelligence Officers. He taken with 4 others, 4 men and a women to a Zanu militia base in Rugari where the first thing that happened was the female captive was gutted with a knife right in front of them, her corpse tossed into the cells with the remaining captives. They were then each told the day they were going to die. They were made to drink 750 mls of liquid glue for every day of their torture which caused chronic diaoreah and poisoning, it also made them completely high. Another man was killed by stabbing and when one of the remaining captives refused to cut up the dead bodies so they could be disposed of, the torturers cut off his feet. The survivors were then tortured with electric shock to the genitals and the application of burning plastic to the genitals and upper thighs. They were beaten into unconciousness and

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Itai Mudzingwa, 43, lies dead in the morgue at Kings and Queens funeral home in Johannesburg, 5 June 2009. Itai was a security department member of Zimbabwe's MDC opposition party. Forced by Robert Mugabe's Zanu PF party to flee to South Africa, Itai died in prison under suspicious circumstances at Sun City prison outside of Johannesburg a week ago. Itai was arrested at the department of Home Affairs when it was determined that he had a fraudulent stamp in his passport. An investigation revealed that in order to have his asylum seekers permit extended Itai had to pay someone at Home Affairs to have his documents stamped with an extension to stay in South Africa. This was at a time when Home Affairs was making it very difficult to get the neccesary extension and Zimbabweans had no choice but to pay bribes to corrupt officials. Itai was taken to prison where on 3 seperate occasions he did not respond to orders to appear in court, despite the presence of MDC members there to help him. Prison officials state that he simply did not respond to his name when called for his court appearance. MDC officials in Johannesburg believe that he was too sick to respond and prison officials did not investigate until he was already dead. Itai went into prison a healthy man with no prior history of illness, 3 weeks later he was dead. Itai'sdeath is symbolic of the multiple complications Zimbabweans who have fled Mugabe's regime face on a regular basis. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Adrian Chirabe, 45, the National Co-ordinator for the Veteran Activists Association of the Zimbabean opposition party, the MDC, photographed in his single room dwelling in Johannesburg, 3 June 2009. Chirabe was a one time successful, apolitical businessman in Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe, he owned 3 major businesses and was a millionaire enterpreneur. Robert Mugabe's Zanu PF party approached him and said he needed to give them a share of his business for "his own protection." Chirabe refused, and within 6 months began to be harrased by Zanu PF thugs. His businesses were vandalised and he was arrested and beaten for 4 days. At the time Chirabe was leasing office space to oppostion party the MDC. In 2003 there was a major crackdown by the Zimbabwean police against the poor and against all likely MDC support. As a patriotic Zimbabwean Chirabe felt he had to become involved and when an MDC plot failed due to a fear-driven lack of support, Chirabe became exposed as an MDC supporter. Police arrested him and took Chirabe to jail where he was tortured for 3 days by suffocation, beatings and torture. When he was released, the CIO, Mugabe's secret police were waiting for him outside the policestation. They took him, blindfolded him, drove him to another base and interrogated him through torture for another 4 days. He was then driven home by members of the CIO to attend his brothers funeral with CIO officers in tow, forced to lie to his family about who they were. Chirabe ran away the next day and was recaptured trying to get to South Africa. This time the CIO took him to a government base where he was held for 10 days. During that time Chirabe was tortured in every conceivable way and gang-raped repeatedly by 20 men. Upon release a shattered Chirabe fled to South Africa with his family as soon as he could walk, 3 years and 4 months later. His torture has left him with multiple long term complications, including permanent rectal incon

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Memory Njani, 32, photographed in her room at an apartment complex in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. Memory is a former MDC Zimbabwean opposition party activist. In 2004 she was kidnapped along with a number of other women and taken by Zanu PF youth to Msheke Stadium in Bulawayo. There they were repeatedly raped over the period of a week. They were told it was to make them more Zanu PF. Shortly afterwards Memory fled to South Africa via Botswana, crossing the border illegally and taking a good train to Johannesburg. Once in South Africa she was arrested and imprisoned for a year and a month before having the charges dismissed by a magistrate. She continues to live illegally in South Africa, working when she can to try and send money home to her 4 children and her mother. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Noel Mguti, 33, is a recently arrived Zimbabwean refugee living in dire poverty in Johannesburg, South Africa, 3 June 2009. He is the former organising secretary for the opposition MDC party in Midlands, Zimbabwe. Mguti was abducted and tortured by Zanu PF party youth, who broke most of his ribs and destroyed his homestead with fire on the 26 April 2008. Mguti was forced to abandon his family and flee illegally into South Africa, pursued across Zimbabwe by Zanu PF youth who were intent on killing him. Mguti, along with thousands of other Zimbabwean refugees, is entirely reliant on the very few church groups and NGO's who are trying to aid in the Zimbabwean crisis. He works unpaid as a security guard at the Central Methodist Church in Johannesburg where he sleeps. Mguti is asmathic and diabetic and must often beg for food to survive. His injuries as a result of torture combined with his health problems make it impossible for him to find work in physical labor and his illegal status means he cannot be employed in the white collar work sector. At the time of this photograph Mguti had just heard that one of his children had died of a fractured skull in Zimbabwe. Despite tremendous personal risk, Mguti was trying to raise the funds to go back and bury that child in his home district of Zimbabwe. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Grace Mashana,19, is a youth activist with the Zimbabwean opposition party the MDC in Johannesburg, South Africa, 15 June 2009. Grace lost her father after he was beaten to death by Zanu PF thugs in 2000, since then she saw a steady decline in Zimbabwe on all levels and she was forced to leave school as it became too expensive to attend. After she was badly beaten by Zanu Pf youth groups in Zimbabwe's 2008's election violence, Grace lost another family member to Zanu PF thugs. It was then that she decided to come to South Africa, coming illegally through the bush and crossing the Limpopo River into South Africa. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An image of Aids orphans who all live in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

WEDZA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An MDC activist, name withheld, who had his leg cut off with an axe his leg during a Zanu PF intimidation campaign during the July 2008 election rerun, Wedza, Zimbabwe, 28 June 2009. the man was identified as an MDC activist and was taken by a Zanu PF militia unit of 20 men. They beat him severely and then took him to their base in rural Wedza. There were four other MDC supporters already there, all badly beaten and tied up. All this time the militia were shouting at him, " Don't talk about the opposition MDC here, this is a Zanu PF area. You are betraying the country, you are Morgan Tsangarai's dog." The militia tied his hands and legs with wire, laid him on the ground and told him he was going to die. One of the men fetched an axe and started shouting about cutting off his leg. This man swung the axe into the MDC supporters thigh, and in three blows cut off his leg. "They started cutting off my leg as if it was firewood, I remember seeing my leg where they threw it, my shoe was still on it. They took me and left me for dead in the bush behind their base, I remember I woke up briefly, took off my shirt and tied it around the bleeding before I passed out again. " Late that night the 4 other MDC captives escaped while the Zanu PF militia members were drinking heavily. They found him in the bush behind the base and carried him to a road where a truck took them to a hospital. The trucker was so distraught at the sight of the amputated leg that he paid the man's hospital admission fee. Three months later he received a prosthetic from donors and is trying to rebuild a semblance of his former life. " It is a miracle that I survived, I am very grateful to the MDC men who saved me, they were badly beaten but they still came to find me and take me with them. I have a prosthetic now but I cannot do my work in construction like I used to. I have to stay hidden, Zanu is still looking for me." (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Blind Zimbabwean refugees photographed in slum dwellings in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. Most of the blind are in South Africa illegally and lack official papers and ID documents which might help them to apply for limited charity. They say they fled a complete lack of economic opportunity in Zimbabwe's failed state and had no choice but to come to South Africa to survive. They could no longer beg for their survival in Zimbabwe as people simply no longer have anything to give. As a result many of these blind people have made long journeys with their guides, families or by relying on the kindness of strangers. They crossed the Limpopo River to avoid the border authorities and lived in the bush for many weeks before being able to organise a ride by train or bus down to Johannesburg. All of this they did for the opportunity to beg in a more affluent economy. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Blind Zimbabwean refugees photographed in slum dwellings in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. Most of the blind are in South Africa illegally and lack official papers and ID documents which might help them to apply for limited charity. They say they fled a complete lack of economic opportunity in Zimbabwe's failed state and had no choice but to come to South Africa to survive. They could no longer beg for their survival in Zimbabwe as people simply no longer have anything to give. As a result many of these blind people have made long journeys with their guides, families or by relying on the kindness of strangers. They crossed the Limpopo River to avoid the border authorities and lived in the bush for many weeks before being able to organise a ride by train or bus down to Johannesburg. All of this they did for the opportunity to beg in a more affluent economy. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A man and women suffering from advanced Tuberculosis are taken to a clinic via ox-wagon in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. It is likely that both are HIV positive. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state. As a result of scarcity food malnutrition plays a large role in the decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: The Pauper's graveyard at Ennerdale township on the outskirts of Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. It is here where the poorest and the most anonymous are buried, three in a grave at a time. In recent years Zimbabwean refugees who die in the Gauteng region of South Africa are often buried here. It is often too expensive to claim the body and organise a more dignified burial for many Zimbabweans living as refugess in South Africa today. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

 ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young widow holds her child in a house destroyed by Zanu PF in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. She lost her husband at the conclusion of 2008's March elections in Zimbabwe where the MDC emerged the winner. Two Zanu PF sponsored Zimbabwean Army soldiers appeared at the MDC offices in Zaka. The soldiers shot one MDC worker in cold blood outside the office, shot another inside the office and then locked 3 more MDC officials inside and proceeded to pour 20 litres of petrol over the building, set it alight and fled. In the resultant blaze all three men suffered third degree burns before they were able to break down the door and escape. They suffered for three days without any treatment before they could reach a facility which could treat them. Once there, doctors were forced to hide the three men as Zanu PF supporters came looking for them with the intention of finishing the job the soldiers had started. This young widow is now dependant on the kindness of those around her for the liveliehoods of herself and her two orphaned children. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young MDC activist, 25, name withheld, sits quietly in a bedroom he rents in a shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 22 June 2009. The young man is the district security officer for the MDC in Harare East and for his political affiliation he has been arrested more than 15 times, he has been severely tortured on 4 occasions and has the scars on his body to prove it. He claims that electroshock was used on him in police cells and that he was repeatedly beaten with bike chains and iron bars. This has resulted in his diminished physical capacity which has made it very difficult for him to work. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young MDC Zimbabwe oppostion party burn victim, name withheld, sits alone in his room in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. At the conclusion of 2008's March elections in Zimbabwe where the MDC emerged the winner, two Zanu PF sponsored Zimbabwean Army soldiers appeared at the MDC offices in Zaka. The soldiers shot one MDC worker in cold blood outside the office, shot another inside the office and then locked 3 more MDC officials inside and proceeded to pour 20 litres of petrol over the building, set it alight and fled. In the resultant blaze all three men suffered third degree burns before they were able to break down the door and escape. They suffered for three days without any treatment before they could reach a facility which could treat them. Once there, doctors were forced to hide the three men as Zanu PF supporters came looking for them with the intention of finishing the job the soldiers had started. The young man in the picture, a former MDC defence and security  activist, now has limited use of his hands and is blind in one eye. In a country currently at 85% unemployment he can no longer even provide manual labour in his village's rural fields.  (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009: Susan Matsunga, 30, is a former MDC Zimbabwean opposition party Secretary for Gender on a National level, she is photographed in her half of a one bedroom shack in Lenasia,  Johannesburg, South Africa, 3 June 2009. Susan was a very active organiser for the MDC, her primary role was to identify and build the future female MP's of Zimbabwe. In the run-up to the 2008 election in Zimbabwe Susan and her MDC youth compatriots attempted to hold prayer meetings and galvanise the youth. Police attacked their gathering and beat people until they dragged off to the police station where despite their wounds they were made to keep silent and denied food and water. All MDC supporters were made to lie flat and the police walked amongst them, beating them for over an hour. When Morgan Tsangarai, the leader of the MDC arrived and asked what the police were doing, they said they were waiting for him. The police then beat him to a pulp along with the others. In this beating Susan's right arm and leg were fractured but still she was forced to climb into a cattle truck along with the others where they were driven to Central Police Station in Harare. Here Susan was tortured for a further 4 days, her torture included the use of electric shock devices on her genitals.  She was taken to a room with blood sprayed across the walls. The CIO officers holding her said that she must also leave her blood in this room. At this time Susan's mother, 67, was also arrested and badly beaten. After a  number of days Susan was told she must drink 5 litres of contaminated water and then she could go. The CIO visited her in hospital where they told her that if she did not campaign for Mugabe they would kill her. They held syringes in their hands while they were saying this. After her ordeal Susan's husband left her as a result of her affiliation with the MDC. Susan fled to South Africa where she had no papers, passport or ID documents. Sympathetic border guards let he
 HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A 26 year old Zimbabwean woman, name withheld, photographed in a township near Harare, Zimbabwe, 28 June 2009. This woman was living in a rural community near Mrewa as a normal non-political person eking out a living with a small crop field. On the 27 June 2008, at the height of the controversial election to decide the March election fiasco, Zanu PF youth came to her hut at midnight, barred the door, poured petrol on the roof and ran away. This was part of Zanu PF intimidation tactics.  The woman's husband managed to break open the door but left her inside. He later abandoned her when he saw the extent of her burns. "I feel this situation in Zimbabwe is very hard," she says, "We were not activists, we just did not actively support Zanu PF, we are ordinary people. Now my body is like this, I cannot do practical work. I had to leave the farm and come to my sister, she is poor, there is no jobs and we both have children. I think the people who do these things must be found and brought to justice. I am looking forward to a new government in Zimbabwe, the current regime is the instigator of my condition, they are the reason for my suffering. My first wish now is that I can get my body fixed, especially my arms. I need them to function so that I can work." (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An MDC activist, 35, name withheld, sit in a bedroom he rents for himself, his wife and 2 children in a shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 22 June 2009. On the wall behind him is a newspaper report on the murder of his younger brother. The young man is the Secretary General for the MDC in the Mabvuku Tafara district and for his political affiliation he has been arrested more than 19 times since 1999, he has been severely tortured on 5 occasions, had his house destroyed on three occasions and lost his younger brother, the MDC Secretary for Youth Security on the National Level, to a military, Zanu Pf supported , Death Squad last year after the March 2008 election which MDC won but Zanu PF refused to acknowledge. His younger brother had been on the run from Zanu PF forces for 3 months but came home for one night to see his wife and children. At 7am the next morning he was dragged out by 7 armed men, thrown into a vehicle where he was restrained and taken away in front of witnesses. A week later his body was discovered in the bush. The government post mortem recorded "decomposition" as the cause of death but an independent coroner brought in from South Africa determined that cause of death was suffocation. " I feel terrible about the death of my younger brother. I brought him into politics, my only comfort is that I know that we were both totally comitted to our agenda, to remove Zanu PF and have a real democracy in Zimbabwe. When I was a child things were better, my parents were not rich but they could afford to house us, to feed us and to send us to school. Nowdays there is nothing, no jobs, no opportunities, only the brutality and repression of Zanu PF. Our population is deeply traumatised, this is a war between those who are armed and funded against a defenceless civilian population. Zanu PF controls jobs, food and access to the police, the legal system and weapons. If you do not support them you are the enemy. They come
 HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A daughter looks on at her HIV+ mother lying desperately ill in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. Neither are employed or have any money and they were turned away from the hospital for lack of fees for admission. Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state. As a result of scarcity food malnutrition plays a large role in the decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A severely ill HIV+ young woman alone in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. She says "My parents are dead, my brother and everyone I know is unemployed, I have nothing, that is why I am dying now." Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid organisations coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is a distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state and food prices remain beyond the reach of most. Malnutrition thus contributes to the rapid decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009: Sibongile Chipunzah, 29, is a Zimbabwean refugee living alone with her baby in dire poverty in  Johannesburg, South Africa, 15 June 2009. Sibongile is a fomer Secretary of youth for the opposition MDC party in Harare, Zimbabwe. In the March 2008 elections the MDC defeated Zanu PF but President Robert Mugabe refused to step down, Zanu PF thugs burnt down her house and killed Sibongile's brother. One of her friends was raped in front of her by Zanu PF militia men. Sibongile was hit with an axe on her shoulder and also badly beaten and placed in a grave and left for dead. She was heavily pregant at the time. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A former farm security guard, name withheld, lies disabled in his bed in a township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. He was working as a guard on a white owned farm when 7 Zanu PF men arrived to take over the farm. They accused him of being a white sympathiser and one of the men shot him in the arm with a handgun. They then went on to take over the farm. As a result of farm invasions in Zimbabwe more then one and a half million people have lost their jobs and Zimbabwe has slipped into a dire food crisis with no commercial farming operations providing food security for the population. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A severely ill HIV+ 16 year old girl is tended by her sister in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. They live with their grandmother as their parents died of Aids 5 years previously. They have no income and the grandmother relies on vending to try and bring in money. The recent collapse of the finacial system and the introduction of the US dollar and South African rand as the unit of currency has made it very difficult for casual vendors to obtain currency with which to trade. Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid organisations coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state and food prices remain beyond the reach of most. Malnutrition thus contributes to the rapid decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 MAZVINGA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An elderly man, name withheld, stands in the ruins of his home after it was torched by Zanu PF militias, Mazvinga, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. The man is a former civil servant who heard Zanu PF members discussing the farm invasion of a white farmer in the region. He objected, stating it was illegal and the next day a Zanu PF militia group arrived at his property. He was severly beaten and his home torched and broken down. He is a life long civil servant in Zimbabwe and has invested everything into his small homestead, this was destroyed in the attack. The white farmers land was appropriated soon afterwards. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A long time MDC supporter, Chief Bota, is photographed next to his meagre hut in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. Chief Bota is a Chief of Chiefs, meaning he comes from a long pedigree of Chiefs and leaders in rural Zaka who are responsible for appointing the local chiefs. He has remained a vocal supporter of oppostion party the MDC in his region, saying publicly that, "anyone who does not vote MDC is stupid."  As a result of his support for the MDC he has been marginalised by the ruling Zanu PF party and not received the support or perks that Zanu PF has lavished on other leaders who are loyal to them. Chief Bota is a long time military man who wears his Second World War medals on his jacket pocket. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009: Images of Alice Machando, 31, a school teacher for Gweru, Zimbabwe, who now lives as an unemployed asylum seeker in   Johannesburg, South Africa, 3 June 2009.  Alice is an MDC youth activist who was abducted during the last Zimbabwe elections by Zanu PF party thugs, they tortured and abused her and ever since that incident she has suffered from a mysterious skin ailment which South African doctors cannot identify. Alice says that two other teachers who were also abducted and tortured have similar complications. Alice wishes above all else to be cured of her ailment so that she can return to Gweru so that she can continue with her job of teaching students in her part of Zimbabwe. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young MDC Zimbabwe oppostion party burn victim, name withheld, sits alone in a maize storage hut in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. At the conclusion of 2008's March elections in Zimbabwe where the MDC emerged the winner, two Zanu PF sponsored Zimbabwean Army soldiers appeared at the MDC offices in Zaka. The soldiers shot one MDC worker in cold blood outside the office, shot another inside the office and then locked 3 more MDC officials inside and proceeded to pour 20 litres of petrol over the building, set it alight and fled. In the resultant blaze all three men suffered third degree burns before they were able to break down the door and escape. They suffered for three days without any treatment before they could reach a facility which could treat them. Once there, doctors were forced to hide the three men as Zanu PF supporters came looking for them with the intention of finishing the job the soldiers had started. The young man in the picture, a former MDC youth treasurer, is traumatised and now  lives in fear of further attacks from Zanu PF. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009:  Blind Zimbabwean refugees photographed in slum dwellings in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009.  Most of the blind are in South Africa illegally and lack official papers and ID documents which might help them to apply for limited charity. They say they fled a complete lack of economic opportunity in Zimbabwe's failed state and had no choice but to come to South Africa to survive. They could no longer beg for their survival in Zimbabwe as people simply no longer have anything to give. As a result many of these blind people have made long journeys with their guides, families or by relying on the kindness of strangers. They crossed the Limpopo River to avoid the border authorities and lived in the bush for many weeks before being able to organise a ride by train or bus down to Johannesburg. All of this they did for the opportunity to beg in a more affluent economy. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 MUDZI, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A man and woman, names withheld, embrace in a small shack in rural Mudzi, Zimbabwe, 26 June 2009. The man is an MDC activist, the women is his wife. He was forced to go through Zanu PF militia training in rural Mudzi two years earlier where he was taught intimidation tactics and military techniques for controlling a population in Zanu PF's favor. Secretly he was an MDC oppostion party supporter. He used his job as a martial arts instructor for the youth to secretly build an MDC powerbase. In the March 2008 elections he came out with his supporters and won 4 council seats for MDC as opposed to Zanu PF's three. Zanu PF was furious and 300 men arrived at his house but he had already fled, forewarned of the vendetta. Zanu PF destroyed the house and took his wife and two daughters to a militia camp. There they were repeatedly raped for a week before being released but observed and intimidated everyday while Zanu PF militants looked for their husband and father. He fled to the capital Harare to Harvest House, the MDC stronghold in Harare. One day he went out to get food close by, he was snatched at gunpoint by Zanu PF Central Intelligence Officers. He taken with 4 others, 4 men and a women to a Zanu militia base in Rugari where the first thing that happened was the female captive was gutted with a knife right in front of them, her corpse tossed into the cells with the remaining captives. They were then each told the day they were going to die. They were made to drink 750 mls of liquid glue for every day of their torture which caused chronic diaoreah and poisoning, it also made them completely high. Another man was killed by stabbing and when one of the remaining captives refused to cut up the dead bodies so they could be disposed of, the torturers cut off his feet. The survivors were then tortured with electric shock to the genitals and the application of burning plastic to the genitals and upper thighs. They were beaten into unconciousness and
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Itai Mudzingwa, 43, lies dead in the morgue at Kings and Queens funeral home in Johannesburg, 5 June 2009. Itai was a security department member of Zimbabwe's MDC opposition party. Forced by Robert Mugabe's Zanu PF party to flee to South Africa, Itai died in prison under suspicious circumstances at Sun City prison outside of Johannesburg a week ago. Itai was arrested at the department of Home Affairs when it was determined that he had a fraudulent stamp in his passport. An investigation revealed that in order to have his asylum seekers permit extended Itai had to pay someone at Home Affairs to have his documents stamped with an extension to stay in South Africa. This was at a time when Home Affairs was making it very difficult to get the neccesary extension and Zimbabweans had no choice but to pay bribes to corrupt officials. Itai was taken to prison where on 3 seperate occasions he did not respond to orders to appear in court, despite the presence of MDC members there to help him. Prison officials state that he simply did not respond to his name when called for his court appearance. MDC officials in Johannesburg believe that he was too sick to respond and prison officials did not investigate until he was already dead. Itai went into prison a healthy man with no prior history of illness, 3 weeks later he was dead. Itai'sdeath is symbolic of the multiple complications Zimbabweans who have fled Mugabe's regime face on a regular basis. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Adrian Chirabe, 45, the National Co-ordinator for the Veteran Activists Association of the Zimbabean opposition party, the MDC, photographed in his single room dwelling in Johannesburg, 3 June 2009. Chirabe was a one time successful, apolitical businessman in Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe, he owned 3 major businesses and was a millionaire enterpreneur. Robert Mugabe's Zanu PF party approached him and said he needed to give them a share of his business for "his own protection." Chirabe refused, and within 6 months began to be harrased by Zanu PF thugs. His businesses were vandalised and he was arrested and beaten for 4 days. At the time Chirabe was leasing office space to oppostion party the MDC. In 2003 there was a major crackdown by the Zimbabwean police against the poor and against all likely MDC support. As a patriotic Zimbabwean Chirabe felt he had to become involved and when an MDC plot failed  due to a fear-driven lack of support, Chirabe became exposed as an MDC supporter. Police arrested him and took Chirabe to jail where he was tortured for 3 days by suffocation, beatings and torture. When he was released, the CIO, Mugabe's secret police were waiting for him outside the policestation. They took him, blindfolded him, drove him to another base and interrogated him through torture for another 4 days. He was then driven home by members of the CIO to attend his brothers funeral with CIO officers in tow, forced to lie to his family about who they were. Chirabe ran away the next day and was recaptured trying to get to South Africa. This time the CIO took him to a government base where he was held for 10 days. During that time Chirabe was tortured in every conceivable way and gang-raped repeatedly by 20 men. Upon release a shattered Chirabe fled to South Africa with his family as soon as he could walk, 3 years and 4 months later. His torture has left him with multiple long term complications, including permanent rectal incon
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009:  Memory Njani, 32, photographed in her room at an apartment complex in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. Memory is a former MDC Zimbabwean opposition party activist. In 2004 she was kidnapped along with a number of other women and taken by Zanu PF youth to Msheke Stadium in Bulawayo. There they were repeatedly raped over the period of a week. They were told it was to make them more Zanu PF. Shortly afterwards Memory fled to South Africa via Botswana, crossing the border illegally and taking a good train to Johannesburg. Once in South Africa she was arrested and imprisoned for a year and a month before having the charges dismissed by a magistrate. She continues to live illegally in South Africa, working when she can to try and send money home to her 4 children and her mother. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009: Noel Mguti, 33, is a recently arrived Zimbabwean refugee living in dire poverty in  Johannesburg, South Africa, 3 June 2009. He is the former organising secretary for the opposition MDC party in Midlands, Zimbabwe. Mguti was abducted and tortured by Zanu PF party youth, who broke most of his ribs and destroyed his homestead with fire on the 26 April 2008. Mguti was forced to abandon his family and flee illegally into South Africa, pursued across Zimbabwe by Zanu PF youth who were intent on killing him. Mguti, along with thousands of other Zimbabwean refugees, is entirely reliant on the very few church groups and NGO's who are trying to aid in the Zimbabwean crisis. He works unpaid as a security guard at the Central Methodist Church in Johannesburg where he sleeps. Mguti is asmathic and diabetic and must often beg for food to survive. His injuries as a result of torture combined with his health problems make it impossible for him to find work in physical labor and his illegal status means he cannot be employed in the white collar work sector. At the time of this photograph Mguti had just heard that one of his children had died of a fractured skull in Zimbabwe. Despite tremendous personal risk, Mguti was trying to raise the funds to go back and bury that child in his home district of Zimbabwe. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009: Grace Mashana,19, is a youth activist with the Zimbabwean opposition party the MDC in  Johannesburg, South Africa, 15 June 2009. Grace lost her father after he was beaten to death by Zanu PF thugs in 2000, since then she saw a steady decline in Zimbabwe on all levels and she was forced to leave school as it became too expensive to attend. After she was badly beaten by Zanu Pf youth groups in Zimbabwe's 2008's election violence, Grace lost another family member to Zanu PF thugs. It was then that she decided to come to South Africa, coming illegally through the bush and crossing the Limpopo River into South Africa. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An image of Aids orphans who all live in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 WEDZA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An MDC activist, name withheld, who had his leg cut off with an axe his leg during a Zanu PF intimidation campaign during the July 2008 election rerun, Wedza, Zimbabwe, 28 June 2009. the man was identified as an MDC activist and was taken by a Zanu PF militia unit of 20 men. They beat him severely and then took him to their base in rural Wedza. There were four other MDC supporters already there, all badly beaten and tied up. All this time the militia were shouting at him, " Don't talk about the opposition MDC here, this is a Zanu PF area. You are betraying the country, you are Morgan Tsangarai's dog." The militia tied his hands and legs with wire, laid him on the ground and told him he was going to die. One of the men fetched an axe and started shouting about cutting off his leg. This man swung the axe into the MDC supporters thigh, and in three blows cut off his leg. "They started cutting off my leg as if it was firewood, I remember seeing my leg where they threw it, my shoe was still on it. They took me and left me for dead in the bush behind their base, I remember I woke up briefly, took off my shirt and tied it around the bleeding before I passed out again. " Late that night the 4 other MDC captives escaped while the Zanu PF militia members were drinking heavily. They found him in the bush behind the base and carried him to a road where a truck took them to a hospital. The trucker was so distraught at the sight of the amputated leg that he paid the man's hospital admission fee. Three months later he received a prosthetic from donors and is trying to rebuild a semblance of his former life. " It is a miracle that I survived, I am very grateful to the MDC men who saved me, they were badly beaten but they still came to find me and take me with them. I have a prosthetic now but I cannot do my work in construction like I used to. I have to stay hidden, Zanu is still looking for me." (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009:  Blind Zimbabwean refugees photographed in slum dwellings in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009.  Most of the blind are in South Africa illegally and lack official papers and ID documents which might help them to apply for limited charity. They say they fled a complete lack of economic opportunity in Zimbabwe's failed state and had no choice but to come to South Africa to survive. They could no longer beg for their survival in Zimbabwe as people simply no longer have anything to give. As a result many of these blind people have made long journeys with their guides, families or by relying on the kindness of strangers. They crossed the Limpopo River to avoid the border authorities and lived in the bush for many weeks before being able to organise a ride by train or bus down to Johannesburg. All of this they did for the opportunity to beg in a more affluent economy. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009:  Blind Zimbabwean refugees photographed in slum dwellings in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009.  Most of the blind are in South Africa illegally and lack official papers and ID documents which might help them to apply for limited charity. They say they fled a complete lack of economic opportunity in Zimbabwe's failed state and had no choice but to come to South Africa to survive. They could no longer beg for their survival in Zimbabwe as people simply no longer have anything to give. As a result many of these blind people have made long journeys with their guides, families or by relying on the kindness of strangers. They crossed the Limpopo River to avoid the border authorities and lived in the bush for many weeks before being able to organise a ride by train or bus down to Johannesburg. All of this they did for the opportunity to beg in a more affluent economy. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A man and women suffering from advanced Tuberculosis are taken to a clinic via ox-wagon in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. It is likely that both are HIV positive. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state. As a result of scarcity food malnutrition plays a large role in the decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)
 JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA,  JUNE 2009:  The Pauper's graveyard at Ennerdale township on the outskirts of Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. It is here where the poorest and the most anonymous are buried, three in a grave at a time. In recent years Zimbabwean refugees who die in the Gauteng region of South Africa are often buried here. It is often too expensive to claim the body and organise a more dignified burial for many Zimbabweans living as refugess in South Africa today. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young widow holds her child in a house destroyed by Zanu PF in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. She lost her husband at the conclusion of 2008's March elections in Zimbabwe where the MDC emerged the winner. Two Zanu PF sponsored Zimbabwean Army soldiers appeared at the MDC offices in Zaka. The soldiers shot one MDC worker in cold blood outside the office, shot another inside the office and then locked 3 more MDC officials inside and proceeded to pour 20 litres of petrol over the building, set it alight and fled. In the resultant blaze all three men suffered third degree burns before they were able to break down the door and escape. They suffered for three days without any treatment before they could reach a facility which could treat them. Once there, doctors were forced to hide the three men as Zanu PF supporters came looking for them with the intention of finishing the job the soldiers had started. This young widow is now dependant on the kindness of those around her for the liveliehoods of herself and her two orphaned children. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young MDC activist, 25, name withheld, sits quietly in a bedroom he rents in a shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 22 June 2009. The young man is the district security officer for the MDC in Harare East and for his political affiliation he has been arrested more than 15 times, he has been severely tortured on 4 occasions and has the scars on his body to prove it. He claims that electroshock was used on him in police cells and that he was repeatedly beaten with bike chains and iron bars. This has resulted in his diminished physical capacity which has made it very difficult for him to work. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young MDC Zimbabwe oppostion party burn victim, name withheld, sits alone in his room in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. At the conclusion of 2008's March elections in Zimbabwe where the MDC emerged the winner, two Zanu PF sponsored Zimbabwean Army soldiers appeared at the MDC offices in Zaka. The soldiers shot one MDC worker in cold blood outside the office, shot another inside the office and then locked 3 more MDC officials inside and proceeded to pour 20 litres of petrol over the building, set it alight and fled. In the resultant blaze all three men suffered third degree burns before they were able to break down the door and escape. They suffered for three days without any treatment before they could reach a facility which could treat them. Once there, doctors were forced to hide the three men as Zanu PF supporters came looking for them with the intention of finishing the job the soldiers had started. The young man in the picture, a former MDC defence and security activist, now has limited use of his hands and is blind in one eye. In a country currently at 85% unemployment he can no longer even provide manual labour in his village's rural fields. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Susan Matsunga, 30, is a former MDC Zimbabwean opposition party Secretary for Gender on a National level, she is photographed in her half of a one bedroom shack in Lenasia, Johannesburg, South Africa, 3 June 2009. Susan was a very active organiser for the MDC, her primary role was to identify and build the future female MP's of Zimbabwe. In the run-up to the 2008 election in Zimbabwe Susan and her MDC youth compatriots attempted to hold prayer meetings and galvanise the youth. Police attacked their gathering and beat people until they dragged off to the police station where despite their wounds they were made to keep silent and denied food and water. All MDC supporters were made to lie flat and the police walked amongst them, beating them for over an hour. When Morgan Tsangarai, the leader of the MDC arrived and asked what the police were doing, they said they were waiting for him. The police then beat him to a pulp along with the others. In this beating Susan's right arm and leg were fractured but still she was forced to climb into a cattle truck along with the others where they were driven to Central Police Station in Harare. Here Susan was tortured for a further 4 days, her torture included the use of electric shock devices on her genitals. She was taken to a room with blood sprayed across the walls. The CIO officers holding her said that she must also leave her blood in this room. At this time Susan's mother, 67, was also arrested and badly beaten. After a number of days Susan was told she must drink 5 litres of contaminated water and then she could go. The CIO visited her in hospital where they told her that if she did not campaign for Mugabe they would kill her. They held syringes in their hands while they were saying this. After her ordeal Susan's husband left her as a result of her affiliation with the MDC. Susan fled to South Africa where she had no papers, passport or ID documents. Sympathetic border guards let he

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A 26 year old Zimbabwean woman, name withheld, photographed in a township near Harare, Zimbabwe, 28 June 2009. This woman was living in a rural community near Mrewa as a normal non-political person eking out a living with a small crop field. On the 27 June 2008, at the height of the controversial election to decide the March election fiasco, Zanu PF youth came to her hut at midnight, barred the door, poured petrol on the roof and ran away. This was part of Zanu PF intimidation tactics. The woman's husband managed to break open the door but left her inside. He later abandoned her when he saw the extent of her burns. "I feel this situation in Zimbabwe is very hard," she says, "We were not activists, we just did not actively support Zanu PF, we are ordinary people. Now my body is like this, I cannot do practical work. I had to leave the farm and come to my sister, she is poor, there is no jobs and we both have children. I think the people who do these things must be found and brought to justice. I am looking forward to a new government in Zimbabwe, the current regime is the instigator of my condition, they are the reason for my suffering. My first wish now is that I can get my body fixed, especially my arms. I need them to function so that I can work." (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An MDC activist, 35, name withheld, sit in a bedroom he rents for himself, his wife and 2 children in a shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 22 June 2009. On the wall behind him is a newspaper report on the murder of his younger brother. The young man is the Secretary General for the MDC in the Mabvuku Tafara district and for his political affiliation he has been arrested more than 19 times since 1999, he has been severely tortured on 5 occasions, had his house destroyed on three occasions and lost his younger brother, the MDC Secretary for Youth Security on the National Level, to a military, Zanu Pf supported , Death Squad last year after the March 2008 election which MDC won but Zanu PF refused to acknowledge. His younger brother had been on the run from Zanu PF forces for 3 months but came home for one night to see his wife and children. At 7am the next morning he was dragged out by 7 armed men, thrown into a vehicle where he was restrained and taken away in front of witnesses. A week later his body was discovered in the bush. The government post mortem recorded "decomposition" as the cause of death but an independent coroner brought in from South Africa determined that cause of death was suffocation. " I feel terrible about the death of my younger brother. I brought him into politics, my only comfort is that I know that we were both totally comitted to our agenda, to remove Zanu PF and have a real democracy in Zimbabwe. When I was a child things were better, my parents were not rich but they could afford to house us, to feed us and to send us to school. Nowdays there is nothing, no jobs, no opportunities, only the brutality and repression of Zanu PF. Our population is deeply traumatised, this is a war between those who are armed and funded against a defenceless civilian population. Zanu PF controls jobs, food and access to the police, the legal system and weapons. If you do not support them you are the enemy. They come

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A daughter looks on at her HIV+ mother lying desperately ill in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. Neither are employed or have any money and they were turned away from the hospital for lack of fees for admission. Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state. As a result of scarcity food malnutrition plays a large role in the decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A severely ill HIV+ young woman alone in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. She says "My parents are dead, my brother and everyone I know is unemployed, I have nothing, that is why I am dying now." Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid organisations coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is a distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state and food prices remain beyond the reach of most. Malnutrition thus contributes to the rapid decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Sibongile Chipunzah, 29, is a Zimbabwean refugee living alone with her baby in dire poverty in Johannesburg, South Africa, 15 June 2009. Sibongile is a fomer Secretary of youth for the opposition MDC party in Harare, Zimbabwe. In the March 2008 elections the MDC defeated Zanu PF but President Robert Mugabe refused to step down, Zanu PF thugs burnt down her house and killed Sibongile's brother. One of her friends was raped in front of her by Zanu PF militia men. Sibongile was hit with an axe on her shoulder and also badly beaten and placed in a grave and left for dead. She was heavily pregant at the time. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A former farm security guard, name withheld, lies disabled in his bed in a township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. He was working as a guard on a white owned farm when 7 Zanu PF men arrived to take over the farm. They accused him of being a white sympathiser and one of the men shot him in the arm with a handgun. They then went on to take over the farm. As a result of farm invasions in Zimbabwe more then one and a half million people have lost their jobs and Zimbabwe has slipped into a dire food crisis with no commercial farming operations providing food security for the population. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A severely ill HIV+ 16 year old girl is tended by her sister in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. They live with their grandmother as their parents died of Aids 5 years previously. They have no income and the grandmother relies on vending to try and bring in money. The recent collapse of the finacial system and the introduction of the US dollar and South African rand as the unit of currency has made it very difficult for casual vendors to obtain currency with which to trade. Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid organisations coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state and food prices remain beyond the reach of most. Malnutrition thus contributes to the rapid decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

MAZVINGA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An elderly man, name withheld, stands in the ruins of his home after it was torched by Zanu PF militias, Mazvinga, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. The man is a former civil servant who heard Zanu PF members discussing the farm invasion of a white farmer in the region. He objected, stating it was illegal and the next day a Zanu PF militia group arrived at his property. He was severly beaten and his home torched and broken down. He is a life long civil servant in Zimbabwe and has invested everything into his small homestead, this was destroyed in the attack. The white farmers land was appropriated soon afterwards. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A long time MDC supporter, Chief Bota, is photographed next to his meagre hut in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. Chief Bota is a Chief of Chiefs, meaning he comes from a long pedigree of Chiefs and leaders in rural Zaka who are responsible for appointing the local chiefs. He has remained a vocal supporter of oppostion party the MDC in his region, saying publicly that, "anyone who does not vote MDC is stupid." As a result of his support for the MDC he has been marginalised by the ruling Zanu PF party and not received the support or perks that Zanu PF has lavished on other leaders who are loyal to them. Chief Bota is a long time military man who wears his Second World War medals on his jacket pocket. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Images of Alice Machando, 31, a school teacher for Gweru, Zimbabwe, who now lives as an unemployed asylum seeker in Johannesburg, South Africa, 3 June 2009. Alice is an MDC youth activist who was abducted during the last Zimbabwe elections by Zanu PF party thugs, they tortured and abused her and ever since that incident she has suffered from a mysterious skin ailment which South African doctors cannot identify. Alice says that two other teachers who were also abducted and tortured have similar complications. Alice wishes above all else to be cured of her ailment so that she can return to Gweru so that she can continue with her job of teaching students in her part of Zimbabwe. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A young MDC Zimbabwe oppostion party burn victim, name withheld, sits alone in a maize storage hut in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. At the conclusion of 2008's March elections in Zimbabwe where the MDC emerged the winner, two Zanu PF sponsored Zimbabwean Army soldiers appeared at the MDC offices in Zaka. The soldiers shot one MDC worker in cold blood outside the office, shot another inside the office and then locked 3 more MDC officials inside and proceeded to pour 20 litres of petrol over the building, set it alight and fled. In the resultant blaze all three men suffered third degree burns before they were able to break down the door and escape. They suffered for three days without any treatment before they could reach a facility which could treat them. Once there, doctors were forced to hide the three men as Zanu PF supporters came looking for them with the intention of finishing the job the soldiers had started. The young man in the picture, a former MDC youth treasurer, is traumatised and now lives in fear of further attacks from Zanu PF. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Blind Zimbabwean refugees photographed in slum dwellings in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. Most of the blind are in South Africa illegally and lack official papers and ID documents which might help them to apply for limited charity. They say they fled a complete lack of economic opportunity in Zimbabwe's failed state and had no choice but to come to South Africa to survive. They could no longer beg for their survival in Zimbabwe as people simply no longer have anything to give. As a result many of these blind people have made long journeys with their guides, families or by relying on the kindness of strangers. They crossed the Limpopo River to avoid the border authorities and lived in the bush for many weeks before being able to organise a ride by train or bus down to Johannesburg. All of this they did for the opportunity to beg in a more affluent economy. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

MUDZI, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A man and woman, names withheld, embrace in a small shack in rural Mudzi, Zimbabwe, 26 June 2009. The man is an MDC activist, the women is his wife. He was forced to go through Zanu PF militia training in rural Mudzi two years earlier where he was taught intimidation tactics and military techniques for controlling a population in Zanu PF's favor. Secretly he was an MDC oppostion party supporter. He used his job as a martial arts instructor for the youth to secretly build an MDC powerbase. In the March 2008 elections he came out with his supporters and won 4 council seats for MDC as opposed to Zanu PF's three. Zanu PF was furious and 300 men arrived at his house but he had already fled, forewarned of the vendetta. Zanu PF destroyed the house and took his wife and two daughters to a militia camp. There they were repeatedly raped for a week before being released but observed and intimidated everyday while Zanu PF militants looked for their husband and father. He fled to the capital Harare to Harvest House, the MDC stronghold in Harare. One day he went out to get food close by, he was snatched at gunpoint by Zanu PF Central Intelligence Officers. He taken with 4 others, 4 men and a women to a Zanu militia base in Rugari where the first thing that happened was the female captive was gutted with a knife right in front of them, her corpse tossed into the cells with the remaining captives. They were then each told the day they were going to die. They were made to drink 750 mls of liquid glue for every day of their torture which caused chronic diaoreah and poisoning, it also made them completely high. Another man was killed by stabbing and when one of the remaining captives refused to cut up the dead bodies so they could be disposed of, the torturers cut off his feet. The survivors were then tortured with electric shock to the genitals and the application of burning plastic to the genitals and upper thighs. They were beaten into unconciousness and

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Itai Mudzingwa, 43, lies dead in the morgue at Kings and Queens funeral home in Johannesburg, 5 June 2009. Itai was a security department member of Zimbabwe's MDC opposition party. Forced by Robert Mugabe's Zanu PF party to flee to South Africa, Itai died in prison under suspicious circumstances at Sun City prison outside of Johannesburg a week ago. Itai was arrested at the department of Home Affairs when it was determined that he had a fraudulent stamp in his passport. An investigation revealed that in order to have his asylum seekers permit extended Itai had to pay someone at Home Affairs to have his documents stamped with an extension to stay in South Africa. This was at a time when Home Affairs was making it very difficult to get the neccesary extension and Zimbabweans had no choice but to pay bribes to corrupt officials. Itai was taken to prison where on 3 seperate occasions he did not respond to orders to appear in court, despite the presence of MDC members there to help him. Prison officials state that he simply did not respond to his name when called for his court appearance. MDC officials in Johannesburg believe that he was too sick to respond and prison officials did not investigate until he was already dead. Itai went into prison a healthy man with no prior history of illness, 3 weeks later he was dead. Itai'sdeath is symbolic of the multiple complications Zimbabweans who have fled Mugabe's regime face on a regular basis. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Adrian Chirabe, 45, the National Co-ordinator for the Veteran Activists Association of the Zimbabean opposition party, the MDC, photographed in his single room dwelling in Johannesburg, 3 June 2009. Chirabe was a one time successful, apolitical businessman in Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe, he owned 3 major businesses and was a millionaire enterpreneur. Robert Mugabe's Zanu PF party approached him and said he needed to give them a share of his business for "his own protection." Chirabe refused, and within 6 months began to be harrased by Zanu PF thugs. His businesses were vandalised and he was arrested and beaten for 4 days. At the time Chirabe was leasing office space to oppostion party the MDC. In 2003 there was a major crackdown by the Zimbabwean police against the poor and against all likely MDC support. As a patriotic Zimbabwean Chirabe felt he had to become involved and when an MDC plot failed due to a fear-driven lack of support, Chirabe became exposed as an MDC supporter. Police arrested him and took Chirabe to jail where he was tortured for 3 days by suffocation, beatings and torture. When he was released, the CIO, Mugabe's secret police were waiting for him outside the policestation. They took him, blindfolded him, drove him to another base and interrogated him through torture for another 4 days. He was then driven home by members of the CIO to attend his brothers funeral with CIO officers in tow, forced to lie to his family about who they were. Chirabe ran away the next day and was recaptured trying to get to South Africa. This time the CIO took him to a government base where he was held for 10 days. During that time Chirabe was tortured in every conceivable way and gang-raped repeatedly by 20 men. Upon release a shattered Chirabe fled to South Africa with his family as soon as he could walk, 3 years and 4 months later. His torture has left him with multiple long term complications, including permanent rectal incon

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Memory Njani, 32, photographed in her room at an apartment complex in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. Memory is a former MDC Zimbabwean opposition party activist. In 2004 she was kidnapped along with a number of other women and taken by Zanu PF youth to Msheke Stadium in Bulawayo. There they were repeatedly raped over the period of a week. They were told it was to make them more Zanu PF. Shortly afterwards Memory fled to South Africa via Botswana, crossing the border illegally and taking a good train to Johannesburg. Once in South Africa she was arrested and imprisoned for a year and a month before having the charges dismissed by a magistrate. She continues to live illegally in South Africa, working when she can to try and send money home to her 4 children and her mother. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Noel Mguti, 33, is a recently arrived Zimbabwean refugee living in dire poverty in Johannesburg, South Africa, 3 June 2009. He is the former organising secretary for the opposition MDC party in Midlands, Zimbabwe. Mguti was abducted and tortured by Zanu PF party youth, who broke most of his ribs and destroyed his homestead with fire on the 26 April 2008. Mguti was forced to abandon his family and flee illegally into South Africa, pursued across Zimbabwe by Zanu PF youth who were intent on killing him. Mguti, along with thousands of other Zimbabwean refugees, is entirely reliant on the very few church groups and NGO's who are trying to aid in the Zimbabwean crisis. He works unpaid as a security guard at the Central Methodist Church in Johannesburg where he sleeps. Mguti is asmathic and diabetic and must often beg for food to survive. His injuries as a result of torture combined with his health problems make it impossible for him to find work in physical labor and his illegal status means he cannot be employed in the white collar work sector. At the time of this photograph Mguti had just heard that one of his children had died of a fractured skull in Zimbabwe. Despite tremendous personal risk, Mguti was trying to raise the funds to go back and bury that child in his home district of Zimbabwe. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Grace Mashana,19, is a youth activist with the Zimbabwean opposition party the MDC in Johannesburg, South Africa, 15 June 2009. Grace lost her father after he was beaten to death by Zanu PF thugs in 2000, since then she saw a steady decline in Zimbabwe on all levels and she was forced to leave school as it became too expensive to attend. After she was badly beaten by Zanu Pf youth groups in Zimbabwe's 2008's election violence, Grace lost another family member to Zanu PF thugs. It was then that she decided to come to South Africa, coming illegally through the bush and crossing the Limpopo River into South Africa. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

HARARE, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An image of Aids orphans who all live in a one bedroom shack in a makeshift township in Harare, Zimbabwe, 21 June 2009. Zimbabwe has a reportedly 24% HIV positive population, one of the highest rates of infection in the world. The Zanu PF government has crippled the economy as well as interfered in Aid coming into the country. There are no real Aids education campaigns, hospitals are extremely expensive and 85% of the population is unemployed. This has meant that healthcare is distant dream for most Zimbabweans. A few institutions offer Anti-Retroviral treatments but it costs an average of $20 to get through the neccesary testing to get on the program. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

WEDZA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: An MDC activist, name withheld, who had his leg cut off with an axe his leg during a Zanu PF intimidation campaign during the July 2008 election rerun, Wedza, Zimbabwe, 28 June 2009. the man was identified as an MDC activist and was taken by a Zanu PF militia unit of 20 men. They beat him severely and then took him to their base in rural Wedza. There were four other MDC supporters already there, all badly beaten and tied up. All this time the militia were shouting at him, " Don't talk about the opposition MDC here, this is a Zanu PF area. You are betraying the country, you are Morgan Tsangarai's dog." The militia tied his hands and legs with wire, laid him on the ground and told him he was going to die. One of the men fetched an axe and started shouting about cutting off his leg. This man swung the axe into the MDC supporters thigh, and in three blows cut off his leg. "They started cutting off my leg as if it was firewood, I remember seeing my leg where they threw it, my shoe was still on it. They took me and left me for dead in the bush behind their base, I remember I woke up briefly, took off my shirt and tied it around the bleeding before I passed out again. " Late that night the 4 other MDC captives escaped while the Zanu PF militia members were drinking heavily. They found him in the bush behind the base and carried him to a road where a truck took them to a hospital. The trucker was so distraught at the sight of the amputated leg that he paid the man's hospital admission fee. Three months later he received a prosthetic from donors and is trying to rebuild a semblance of his former life. " It is a miracle that I survived, I am very grateful to the MDC men who saved me, they were badly beaten but they still came to find me and take me with them. I have a prosthetic now but I cannot do my work in construction like I used to. I have to stay hidden, Zanu is still looking for me." (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Blind Zimbabwean refugees photographed in slum dwellings in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. Most of the blind are in South Africa illegally and lack official papers and ID documents which might help them to apply for limited charity. They say they fled a complete lack of economic opportunity in Zimbabwe's failed state and had no choice but to come to South Africa to survive. They could no longer beg for their survival in Zimbabwe as people simply no longer have anything to give. As a result many of these blind people have made long journeys with their guides, families or by relying on the kindness of strangers. They crossed the Limpopo River to avoid the border authorities and lived in the bush for many weeks before being able to organise a ride by train or bus down to Johannesburg. All of this they did for the opportunity to beg in a more affluent economy. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: Blind Zimbabwean refugees photographed in slum dwellings in inner city Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. Most of the blind are in South Africa illegally and lack official papers and ID documents which might help them to apply for limited charity. They say they fled a complete lack of economic opportunity in Zimbabwe's failed state and had no choice but to come to South Africa to survive. They could no longer beg for their survival in Zimbabwe as people simply no longer have anything to give. As a result many of these blind people have made long journeys with their guides, families or by relying on the kindness of strangers. They crossed the Limpopo River to avoid the border authorities and lived in the bush for many weeks before being able to organise a ride by train or bus down to Johannesburg. All of this they did for the opportunity to beg in a more affluent economy. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

ZAKA, ZIMBABWE, JUNE 2009: A man and women suffering from advanced Tuberculosis are taken to a clinic via ox-wagon in a rural area of Zaka, Zimbabwe, 24 June 2009. It is likely that both are HIV positive. Transport costs alone to and from the hospital are beyond the means of most Zimbaweans in this failed state. As a result of scarcity food malnutrition plays a large role in the decline of HIV+ Zimbabweans, even those fortunate enough to be on ARV treatment. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA, JUNE 2009: The Pauper's graveyard at Ennerdale township on the outskirts of Johannesburg, South Africa, 17 June 2009. It is here where the poorest and the most anonymous are buried, three in a grave at a time. In recent years Zimbabwean refugees who die in the Gauteng region of South Africa are often buried here. It is often too expensive to claim the body and organise a more dignified burial for many Zimbabweans living as refugess in South Africa today. (Photo by Brent Stirton/Reportage by Getty Images.)

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